Cytokines and depression

Cytokines are peptides involved in the regulation of the immune, nervous, and digestive systems. According to the mechanism of action, they are divided into: · Pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL1,2,6,8; interferon); · Antiinflammatory (IL4,10). Cytokines can cause depression. This fact was established Capuron c coavtorami , 2000 g. Treatment IL 2, IFN-alpha tumors and hepatitis C led to the emergence of depression. Although it was established that patients with […]

Neurochemical processes in depression

There are about 30 neurotransmitters in the brain . With their help, a signal is transmitted from one neuron to another. Three neurotransmitters are involved in the development of depression – dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters and spheres of the human psyche                                                                                                                                                                        Neurotransmitters serototin : sleep disturbance and anxiety norepinephrine: emotions, memory, physiological drives, stress response   dopamine: the emotional sphere of a person. The serotonergic theory […]

Depression and psychosis

Depression and psychosis can be combined with each other. This has been known since the days of Galen, who observed patients with a combination of depression and delusional judgments. The modern international classification of mental disorders has separated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder with an affective component into separate headings. Patients with depression with a history of psychosis have […]

Treatment for depression in pregnancy

There are several types of depression. One of them is perinatal (depression of pregnant women). It occurs in women while carrying a child, sometimes against the background of absolute well-being. It is caused by biological, social, psychological factors. Among them, stress, conflicts, fear of body changes, loss of beauty, misunderstanding on the part of the spouse, complications during pregnancy […]

Treatment for depression with acupuncture

Acupuncture (acupuncture) is a method of therapy for various diseases in Eastern countries, and in Western countries it is used as an alternative and complementary therapy. Acupuncture has been proven to be effective in treating depression. Some authors postulate that this method is as effective as pharmacotherapy, but it does not show the side effects associated […]

Organic and genetic changes in depression and schizophrenia

In depression and schizophrenia, structural changes occur in the brain. In schizophrenia and depression, there is an increase in the white matter of the brain and a decrease in gray matter. The changes concern: middle temporal gyrus;  prefrontal gyrus;  left ventral medial gyrus;  left lingual gyrus;  dorsal medial prefrontal gyrus. The left temporal gyrus functions as a second sensory […]

Depression. Problems and solution

When making a diagnosis of depressive spectrum disorder, it is necessary to exclude: hypothyroidism ; alcohol abuse; schizophrenia, post-traumatic mental disorder, dementia, bipolar disorder. Between 20 and 50% of cases of depression are in the spectrum of bipolar disorder. Major depressive disorder (MDD) is manifested by a chronic course, emotional, psychological, and behavioral signs. In the presence of anxiety, there […]

Psychobiotics – treatment of depression and autism

Some microorganisms are psychobiotics . They are useful for the health of patients with various mental illnesses. Bacteria of a number of species can produce serotonin and gamma- aminobutyric acid, that is, neuroactive substances that mediate various processes in the human brain. Psychobitics have antidepressant and antioxolytic effects. Typically Psychobiotics are used for irritable bowel syndrome. But Bifidumbacterin can stop signs of chronic fatigue syndrome and depression. The effect is associated with the anti-inflammatory aspect of […]

Errors in diagnosing and treating depression

Due to the lack of standards in the Russian health care system that allow to objectively differentiate depressive disorders, various errors are observed in the diagnosis and treatment . They lead to an increase in the number of suicides, the emergence of forms resistant to therapy, and disability. The most common mistakes are: an error in the diagnosis, when a depressive […]

Fathers of newborns suffer from depression

For five years after the birth of a child, the risk of developing depression in fathers of newborns increases by 68%. That is, both women and men can develop postpartum depression. Postpartum depression in the father also negatively affects the child, as well as postpartum depression in the mother. If fathers do not go to specialists, then they try […]