Month: January 2019

Cognitive model of depression and anxiety disorders

The first attempts to study the content of the cognitive sphere were undertaken by A. Beck, who explored dreams, typical thoughts and fantasies of depressed patients in order to verify psychoanalytic theory and detect signs of repressed hostility. Instead, he found two main informative characteristics of the products being studied: a ) fixation on the topic of real or […]

Myths about suicide

Myth: Speaking about the desire to end his life, a person simply tries to attract attention. In fact: people who talk about suicide or who commit suicide attempts experience severe heartache. They try to make other people aware of this. Never ignore the threat of suicide and do not avoid the opportunity to discuss the difficulties encountered. […]

Characteristics of children with mental retardation

Underdevelopment of cognitive processes. Children with mental retardation, less than their normally developing peers, feel the need for cognition. The famous researcher Segen said: oligophrenic knows nothing, cannot and does not want. Their experience is extremely poor. They have an incomplete, sometimes distorted view of the surrounding reality. New material is absorbed only after numerous repetitions. 2 Perception often suffers from hearing loss, sight, speech […]

Productive emotional disorders

Emotional disorders in symptomatology are divided into productive and negative. Effective emotional disorders: The pathology of sensory tone includes emotional hyperesthestenia and hypesthesia. Emotional hyperesthesia – a violation of sensual tone, in which the usual strength of sensation and perception are accompanied by inadequate, heightened emotional coloring. Emotional hypesthesia is a violation of sensual tone, […]

Headache with neurosis

Headache is a very common symptom for neurosis. According to our data, 58% of patients with neurosis complain of headaches, in particular, 60.2% of people suffering from neurasthenia, and 64.3% – with hysteria. Headache in 10% of patients with neurasthenia and 7% hysteria is the main complaint. Relatively less, this symptom is observed in obsessive-compulsive […]

Organic and somatogenous (symptomatic) depression

In contrast to nosogenic depressions, reflecting the individual’s response to the disease (ie, psychogenic reaction), this group of affective disorders is implemented mainly at the pathophysiological level and reflects the central nervous system response to biochemical and physiological processes in the body associated with severe organic (neurological) or somatic diseases. When analyzing the conditions for […]

Early childhood nervousness

Classification of early childhood nervousness. In accordance with the results of research by domestic and foreign authors, the following three clinical and etiological types of neuropathy syndromes (early childhood nervousness) are distinguished: true or constitutional neuropathy syndrome, organic neuropathy syndrome and mixed neuropathy syndrome (constitutional encephalopathic ). G. E. Sukhareva (1955), depending on the prevalence […]