Author: Kroll

Alcoholism and depression

The disease of alcoholism is often combined with different affective conditions: monopolar depression, bipolar disorder. Both mood disorders and alcoholism are often inherited. Alcohol itself is a dangerous, fast-acting, short-term “medicine for depression”, very toxic due to the large number of side effects, impossibility of its dosage. The lability of the breadth of its “therapeutic window” is an absolute contraindication to its use. […]

Light therapy for depression

Since ancient times, light therapy has been used as a remedy. More than 2000 years ago, doctors in ancient Greece and the Roman Empire cured lethargy and depression with sunlight, which was directed into the patient’s eyes. During his Arctic expeditions in the 1980s, Frederick Cook studied the effects of sunlight on travelers and Alaska Natives. He also […]

Neuroanatomy of affective disorders

The prefrontal cortex is the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the cerebral cortex. It is conditionally subdivided into dorsal areas responsible for cognitive functions (memory, attention, speech) and ventral areas that regulate decision making, response to external stimuli, social behavior, individuality ( Matsuo K. et al ., 2007; Prado J. with et al ., 2007). Hypofunction of the dorsal regions, due to […]

Depressive Disorders in Children with Neurological Diseases

In most cases, children with diseases of the central nervous system also have mental disorders. With epilepsy and other chronic conditions, they develop depression, mood swings, and other emotional problems. Depression is also common among parents of children with chronic neurological conditions such as epilepsy and neurofibromatosis . The situation is aggravated by the violation of the behavior […]

Demyelinating diseases and mental disorders

February 16, 2016 at MONIKI them. M.F. Vladimirsky held a scientific and practical conference ” Demyelinating diseases”. Chairman of the Scientific Committee – Sergei Viktorovich Kotov – Chief Neurologist of the Ministry of Health of the Moscow Region, Chairman of the Moscow Regional Society of Neurologists, Head of the Neurological Department, Head of the Department of Neurology of the Faculty of Advanced Training of […]

Treatment for depression with Shenmen acupuncture and microcurrents

Many decades ago, microcurrent stimulation was used to treat various somatic and mental illnesses. Basically, low-intensity direct current was used, which provided monophase or two-phase pulsed currents. Microcurrents were passed through the brain to treat depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders. This type of current was effective for pain syndromes in muscles and wounds. Microcurrent exposure eliminated the side effects of […]

Intranasal ketamine therapy for depression

In the treatment of depressive conditions, inhibitors of N-methyl-D- aspartate (NMDA) receptors, in particular ketamine, are used. With intranasal administration of this drug, there is a rapid recovery from resistant depression within a day. When prescribing this drug, there are no side effects, including hemodynamic disturbances and dissociative disorders. Thus, the use of this drug is a very effective method for the relief of prolonged and […]

Cytokine immunotherapy and depression

At the turn of the century, Capuron et al. Discovered the ability of cytokines to induce depression. Cytokines began to be used to treat cancer, in particular metastatic melanomas and viral hepatitis C. Cytokines IL-2 and IFN-alpha were used. Patients with cancer often fall into depression, which is manifested by low self-esteem and psychomotor retardation. Patients with hepatitis C have episodes of depression interspersed with manias. […]

Depression in diabetes mellitus

With diabetes mellitus, depression can develop. They differ in a variety of clinical manifestations. From mild (anxiety- phobic ) with asthenia to severe (melancholic) depression. In many diseases of the endocrine system, there is no strict correspondence between the type of metabolic disorder and various types of mental disorders. (M. Bleuler , 1954). The prevalence of depression in diabetes mellitus is high, […]

Video games and depression

In connection with the development of digital technologies in the world, addiction to computer games has appeared. It occurs when a teenager or adult spends more than four hours a day playing. Boys in adolescence who are addicted to computer games may develop episodes of depression that manifest with anxiety and irritability ( Journal ” Computers in Human Behavior “). To overcome addiction […]