There are such types of general neuroses as:
- Hysteria . In children, this condition is manifested by an excessive, inadequate reaction to dissatisfaction with something. Children with hysteria often “pretend”. They can get what they want by manipulating their parents. Manipulation may consist in imitation of the symptoms of the disease. At the same time, the doctor, examining the baby, does not find objective signs of the disease.
- Neurasthenia . In children, it is manifested by irritability and weakness. Often there are violent reactions to minor remarks or actions. Characteristic symptoms of neurasthenia are also: mood variability, increased fatigue, decreased performance, headache, palpitations, sleep disturbance. Pediatricians, examining these children, often expose the well-known vegetative-vascular dysfunction.
- obsessive states . They develop in children with certain psychological characteristics: fearfulness, suspiciousness, indecision. From an early age, the formation of various fears is characteristic. Most sick children have a variety of protective reactions in the form of obsessive actions (clapping hands, frequent hand washing, jumping, etc.). At an older age, obsessive thoughts, doubts, and more may appear. At the same time, children may be aware of the absurdity of their actions and try to fight them.
Below we consider the most common forms of neurosis in children:
- Tiki . Often precede obsessive states and actions. They are characterized by stereotypical contractions of individual muscle groups. At an early age, frequent blinking of the eyes often occurs. With progression, other muscle groups may be involved in the process (nose twitching, eye rolling, eyebrow raising, shoulder raising, and much more). After ARVI, such children may experience respiratory tics: coughing, coughing, sniffing, and more).
- Stuttering . You can also come across another name – logoneurosis . They are synonyms. Stuttering is a speech disorder associated with convulsive contraction of individual muscle groups of the speech motor apparatus. You can find more information about the manifestation and treatment of this problem in our article.
- Enuresis . It is bedwetting. Enuresis is a neurosis only if it develops against the background of psychological trauma or changes in living conditions (visiting a kindergarten for the first time, the birth of a brother or sister, and more). The connection with the situation and the situation in which the baby may be is quite characteristic. Over time, because of their illness, children develop a sense of inferiority. At an older age, negative character traits may appear: intemperance, anger, irritability. In some cases, enuresis can develop along with encopresis (fecal incontinence).
Neurosis, like other diseases, goes through a series of conditional stages. The effect of treatment depends on the timeliness of assistance. A fairly simple rule: the earlier assistance is provided, the more favorable the effect of treatment .
Treatment of neurosis in children
The main method of treatment is psychotherapy.
- Improving the family environment.
- Improving the relationship between the child and family members.
- Child rearing adjustments.
All methods of psychotherapy of childhood neuroses can be grouped into three main groups: individual, group, family. Among individual psychotherapy, it is worth highlighting: explanatory, drawing (drawing, modeling), play, autogenic. We will not dwell on them in more detail. Let’s just say that a specialist – a psychotherapist – is engaged in the correct selection and implementation of these methods of therapy.
The main method of treatment of neuroses is psychotherapy.
Medication and physiotherapy in this case only contributes to a greater effect of psychotherapy and is not the main method of treatment.
Below we consider the main groups of drugs and their representatives that can be used in treatment:
- Nootropics : pantogam , nootropil , piracetam , aminalon , phenibut .
- Sedatives: valerian, motherwort, etc.
- Restorative and tonic agents: calcium preparations (gluconate, chloride, lactate , glycerophosphate); vitamins (pyridoxine, thiamine bromide); tinctures of Chinese magnolia vine, zamaniha, eleutherococcus, aralia, ginseng; lipocerebrin ;
- Baths (coniferous) are useful.
- In some cases, according to the prescription of the attending physician, it is possible to use psychotropic drugs: tranquilizers (elenium, eunoctin , seduxen, trioxazine ); antidepressants in small doses ( melipramine , amitriptyline), with increased excitability, hyperkinesis – the neuroleptic sonnapax ( melleril ).
Neurosis can and should be prevented . The basis of prevention is the prevention of stress in children. An important role is played by a favorable microclimate in the family and in the kindergarten, school. In each case, it is important to find an individual personal approach that will avoid the appearance of neurosis.
Neurosis is an urgent problem of pediatric neurology due to the high prevalence of this disease in children. It is very important for parents to know the main manifestations of this pathology in children. Do not self-medicate, when the first signs of neurosis appear in a baby, contact a pediatrician and a pediatric neurologist who will help you solve this problem.
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I am depressed!
This can often be heard from friends or read on the forum. But, as a rule, the person making such statements is mistaken. After all, what is meant by “depression” in a colloquial environment? Usually it means just a short-term deterioration in mood, irritability, fatigue under the influence of circumstances. Sometimes a person just has a “bad day” or “gets up on the wrong foot” and calls it depression.
Nowadays, people are constantly faced with stress: overload at work, a frantic pace of life, excessive demands on themselves, a huge amount of information that flows from all sources. Not surprisingly, many people can’t cope with so many stressors, and this can manifest itself with various symptoms:
- sleep disorders;
- intrusive thoughts;
- panic attacks.
If these symptoms are short-lived and go away on their own, do not worry too much. In most cases, they will be defeated by just a good rest. But sometimes vacation is not enough, and the body needs a little help. It is very important to choose the right medicines for this.