Psychosomatics of anxiety and anxiety
In this study, which is brought to your attention, I continue to consider negative emotions, among which anxiety takes a special place and its analogue is anxiety. Despite the fact that anxiety is often a product of fear, moreover, of fear directed to the future, it still deserves special attention, as according to the British psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Charles Ricroft: "the ability to experience anxiety is a biological function necessary for survival" what I can not disagree with him, in part.
In addition, anxiety, in contrast to fear, is "supported" by other driving forces or elements of the body, which I will certainly mention in the narration. However, we will consider not so much the "necessity" or naturalness of the existence of anxiety and anxiety, but those aspects of anxiety that directly or indirectly cause the emergence of psycho-emotional problems and somatic diseases.
The article recommended for attentive study is based on the book NOT DRAFT ONE, although it does not duplicate it, but rather expresses the thought of the famous Danish writer Søren Kierkegaard: "Only those who know the alarm find peace."
Alarm and fear
"Fear is the main negative emotion, source and essence of countless agonizing anxieties." - M.P. Hall. And fear, and irritation, and anxiety and anxiety "obey" the autonomic nervous system and the visceral brain, but are provoked by receptors of the nervous system, as the first of the body's systems that respond to any psychosomatic "challenge." This, of course, unites them. In addition, according to various researchers of anxiety, it is a product or continuation of fears, its natural form of response.
"Anxiety can flare up as a result of combining the remnants of fears, images that can form a cluster together with repressed drives" - A. Meneghetti.
And, for example, Leslie M. Lecron believes that "anxiety is fear, taking the form of vague presentiments, all the more unpleasant, because the reasons for them, as a rule, are not realized. One of the most common neuroses, the so-called "anxiety state," is characterized by sharp flashes of an unaccountable, unexplained panic. Another variation of the same phenomenon, the "anxiety of the free current", has neither clear reasons nor any channels for going out: at the same time, a person has the feeling that a sword of Damocles of terrible threat hangs over it. Any trouble against such a background is perceived as confirmation and serves for the tortured psyche as a kind of signal for the approach of new, even more terrible catastrophes. Similar phenomena, in essence, again are a conditioned reflex. A person with a normal perception of reality is not afraid of the future and does not pay the slightest attention to minor failures - he "shakes off" them from himself and, as if nothing had happened, goes on his way to his goals.
The state of "anxiety of the free current" is especially dangerous: its victim is unable to break free from the cap of fear, it literally perishes under the weight of his own helplessness. Inability to act only increases anxiety, and the vicious circle closes. " - Self hypnosis. Good Power. The founder of psychoanalysis, Z. Freud, in his theoretical study "Inhibition, Symptom and Fear" (1925), published almost a hundred years ago, described fear as a signal of external danger, and alarm, respectively, a signal of internal danger, putting an equal sign between them
The well-known esoteric encyclopaedist and 33 degree mason (which means Manly Palmer Hall, devoted to many aspects of knowledge not available to the common man) about anxiety is the following: "anxiety - intellectualized fear - is one of the most common and destructive mental habits of man". An interesting psychosomatic connection of fear and anxiety can be traced in specific living conditions.
"Psychosomatic illness can also be caused by real anxiety, but only if it is associated with real fear. The invariable cause is invariably neurotic anxiety, distortion of real perspectives, since the subject, when confronted with reality, necessarily applies a projection system and, therefore, introjects, including personal forms of fear. Thus, the dynamic factor of any psychosomatic illness consists of impulse tension and unconscious anxiety associated with the inner experience of punishment, guilt, or shame. " - Antonio Meneghetti. Psychosomatics.
In this sense, one should always remember that, unlike fear, which can be associated with the past, like sadness itself, "anxiety is an emotion of the future." And at the level of the nervous system, "fear is turned on by sympathetic influence, and anxiety - by parasympathetic at the expense of insulin". By the way, according to different researchers, overweight is the result of the physical expression of anxiety. Research psychologists Shand and McDougall considered anxiety to be a form of fear erroneous, in which I cannot disagree with them.
For if you look at the proposed illustration, then I placed anxiety on it in the stomach area, because it is an independent progeny, though not without the influence of fear as such, which I already wrote. And in this sense, anxiety is more affected by anxiety of the pancreas, as well as the associated irritation of the spleen. And this happens when anxiety causes unpleasant somatic reactions together with vague forebodings, which, at first glance, have no really concrete or visible reason, if you are, of course, not an intuitive empath or sensitive medium.
Variety of alarm and its connection with the body and psyche
On the somatic (body) level, according to A. Meneghetti, the meter of psychosomatics and ontopsychology, "anxiety can take various forms:
- somatogenic anxiety, which is already a consequence, because there is a feeling of suspension of some vital function, asphyxia, angina pectoris or endocrine-vegetative reaction, caused by a sharp adrenaline rush into the blood;
- psychogenic anxiety, flashes in the area of the cerebral cortex, triggering sensations associated with consciousness;
- anxiety, clearly associated with psychiatric pathology, is expressed as "delirium tremens", accompanied by bouts of hallucinations. What matters to us is that at the psychosomatic level anxiety is always the same. It does not matter what the role of the productive organ is - the body, the nervous system, the endocrine system or the spirit. In all cases, the subjective effect of a process is identical." - A. Meneghetti. Psychosomatics
Alarm and neurosis
Anxiety almost always hides neurosis ("a collective name for a group of functional psychogenic reversible disorders that tend to protracted course"), which confirms the founder of ontopsychology, Antonio Meneghetti: "any disease implies intrapsychic conflict of a neurotic nature." How can you not agree with Karen Horney, a student of Freud, who claims that we are all neurotic (?!). True, despite this revealing psychoanalytic statement, all neurotics are classified and divided into three groups, which by interaction / communication with people show the degree of social conditioning or dependence on the environment and the possibility of influencing it, including the manipulator along with free interaction. So, these three "neurotic" groups are as follows:
- from people - individuals, often "hermits", self-sufficient individuals, drawing energy from their own mind, interacting with the morphogenic / morphic field (R. Sheldrake) or the noosphere of the planet (V.I. Vernadsky);
- to people - socially determined individuals, the need for "feeding" and "recharging" from social egregors;
- against people - negatively polarized personalities, manipulators of all stripes; individuals who have clearly mastered the hierarchical model of social management and are cogs of the Babylonian system of money magic
But, anyway, neurosis is not a verdict, but the degree of our psyche's involvement in the somatic of the body. In this sense, any disease is an opportunity to get rid of unconscious behavioral models that destroy our rather fragile health. In other words, anxiety causes not only the neurotic symptom complex of the personality, but also any somatic reactions of the body through the creation of a muscle clamp or shell with the lack of proper physical relaxation.
Alarm and anxiety
The connection of anxiety and anxiety was well described by Charles Ricroft in his work "Anxiety and Neuroses":
"Anxiety becomes anxiety when it comes to personal interests, and anxiety becomes anxiety when it comes to the interests of another.
The main difference between them is largely determined by the rather conditional division of interests into personal interests and the interests of an external object. However, if we remember how many men are worried about their personal car or their backyard, then we often realize that it is impossible to distinguish between anxiety for yourself and anxiety for others. Anxiety and foreboding have three aspects in common: fear, uncertainty, and a desire to act. They differ from each other in that anxious anxiety is directed at an external object and is prone to provoke, not avoidance, but a change in the situation. "
Psychosomatic diseases through the anxiety
And now information about the pathological effects of anxiety and anxiety, which I place in the solar plexus area and connect with the visceral brain on the one hand, and the stomach, pancreas, small and large intestines on the other. "With anxiety, as with fear, a state of increased physiological activity arises. Heartbeat and breathing become more frequent, muscles are tense, sight and hearing are exacerbated. The body is preparing to repel the attack, but the attack does not occur. As a result, the physical sensations of anxiety are themselves experienced as symptoms.
A frightened person does not have time to realize or take into account the details of his condition; painfully anxious, aggravated, realizes that his heart is pounding, his breathing is quickened, he is tense, and the increased sharpness of his sight and hearing makes him irritable and literally supersensitive. These physical symptoms can be a cause, not a consequence of anxiety.
Many truly anxious patients complain, first of all, about an unpleasant heartbeat, breathing problems, muscle pain. In addition to suffering from the physical manifestations of anxiety, patients with anxiety neurosis are prone to chronic fatigue and exhaustion. " - H. Ricroft. Anxiety and neurosis. In this quote, one of the psychological types of protection against anxiety is clearly seen, which uses the body, perceiving anxiety from the inside as an external threat and preparing to meet it in an aggressive way.
But there is another type of defense or reaction - regressive, characterized as helplessness and seeking help and protection. Alexander, the FOUNDER of PSYCHOSOMATICS, associates one of these ways with the increased secretion of the stomach, and this is typical of infancy and early childhood, when the child turns to the mother, wanting to satisfy his hunger. That is why such a substitution of food anxiety later leads to overweight.
It is interesting to note that many negative emotions that have deeply penetrated into human nature and have cringed with it like viruses, modify healthy self-perception. Moreover, the similarity with viral nature is not at all accidental, because they can be "infected" with them in the same way.
"Nothing can justify the self-production of poison, it is equal to murder and suicide. Even the most undeveloped people smell when such a poisonous animal enters. With him includes grief, and anxiety, and fear. How many physical illnesses flare up from the penetration of imperil - exactly the arsonist has penetrated." - Agni Yoga. AUM "The wrong emotional mood and the general unhealthy state of the astral body should play a huge role in the occurrence of malaise and illness. This is explained by the fact that the vital or etheric bodies of most people are controlled and driven mainly by the astral body.
Excitement of this body, violent outbursts under the influence of rage (anger - liver / gallbladder - auth.), Severe anxiety (stomach - auth.) Or prolonged irritation (spleen - auth.) Lead to an influx of astral energy into the center of the solar plexus and - further - through him, which causes a strong imbalance of this center. And it adversely affects the stomach, pancreas, bile ducts and the gall bladder. - M.P. Hall. Such a familiar feeling as heartburn is not only the result of a nutritional error, which is associated with hypersecretion of hydrochloric acid of the stomach, but also a psychological component - a symbol of internal stress, excessive anxiety, repressed aggression, and unmanifested initiative. In addition, heartburn, like the very destructive will, as a manifestation of unfulfilled desires
"The severity and sensitivity of the stomach, especially near the duodenum, are a sign of heightened nervousness and anxiety, and are often accompanied by disturbances in the gallbladder and pancreas. Anxiety, resentment, anxiety, irritation and excessive concern or anxiety worsen the secretory functions of the pancreas. And if these conditions are aggravated by psychological insecurity, emotional lability and constant stress, then diabetes is likely to occur. With diabetes, "it all starts with anxiety, reminding the person that it’s time to relax and stop trying to control everything." - M. Voronov. Psychosomatics.
"Intestinal swelling from the air and fluid around the pancreas speaks of accumulated anxiety, anxiety.
Diarrhea (diarrhea) is expressed in too strong a dilution and frequent excretion of fecal masses. Western medicine has over fifty varieties of diarrhea. It can be caused by disturbances in the work of the ileum (the lower part of the small intestine) and the large intestine, when they lose the ability to effectively absorb water. Sometimes this cause becomes anxiety and anxiety that cause nervous system overstrain, which leads to intestinal hyperperistaltic and premature defecation."
By the way, if we consider the causes of anxiety through the biochemistry of the body and, in particular, the endocrine system, then the adrenal glands are the main "culprits" of many psychosomatic conditions based on fear, anger and anxiety. Fear is especially related to anxiety by the line of the future or the constant of uncertainty of the future, enveloping it with its frightening uncertainty. And again we turn to the remarkable description of anxiety, as in the case of thyroid disease - thyrotoxicosis - a condition caused by a persistent increase in thyroid hormone levels (intoxication with thyroid hormones) and the difference between anxiety itself and a purely psychological disorder - hysteria through the prism of psychosomatics.
"With thyrotoxicosis, the patient suffers from both anxiety and other symptoms, but this is not a neurosis, because the patient has difficulty swallowing, and biochemical tests show that his thyroid gland is overactive. In hysteria, on the contrary, the patient may complain of anxiety and difficulty in swallowing, but this is a neurosis, as his symptom is associated with squeezing of the throat that occurs with anxiety, and biochemical analyzes show that his thyroid gland functions normally. In the first case, anxiety manifests itself due to the fact that one of the endocrine glands has become overactive, and in the second - due to a psychological factor. - H. Ricroft. Anxiety and neurosis.
But what Liz Burbo thinks about anxiety: "Anxiety is a fear that has no apparent reason. If there is any reason, its significance most likely does not correspond to the power of fear. Anxiety is a condition of a person who retreats at the sight of obstacles, as he is not confident in his abilities. The degree of anxiety reflects the power of suffering. My experience of many years shows that the vast majority of people who complain about a constant feeling of anxiety actually suffer from agoraphobia (the painful fear of open spaces and crowded places).
Agoraphob often complains of constant anxiety, and especially - anxiety, sometimes reaching panic. The anxiety situation causes physiographic reactions that can cause panic (palpitations, fainting, muscle tension or weakness, sweating, difficulty breathing, nausea, urinary incontinence, etc.), cognitive (sense of unusualness, foreignness; fear of losing control, getting off to go through public humiliation, lose consciousness, die, etc.) and behavioral (evading situations that could cause anxiety, as well as avoiding places that seem to be too far from a safe haven or a reliable person century)"
The role of alarm and anxiety and the fight against them
But the father’s assertion of psychosomatics about the role of anxiety and the fight against it: "A constant struggle with anxiety can manifest itself through denial, a kind of counter-phobic attitude, that is, an obsessive desire to perform actions that are most feared. This may explain the urge to take responsibility and be useful, despite deep dependency and insecurity. In some patients, the most prominent personality trait, since childhood, was the acceptance of the maternal role; thus, they became second mothers to their younger brothers and sisters.
This emotional discrepancy manifests itself in various forms - a compulsive urge to become pregnant, despite the fear of pregnancy, or an attempt to overcome fear through self-sufficiency, which the patient is trying to achieve by identifying with a person towards whom frustrated dependent desires are directed. " - Franz Alexander. Psychosomatic medicine. And in the continuation of the words of Alexander, a replica of A. Meneghetti: When anxiety sweeps us, it is not just a feeling, a sensation, but a specific body, an object, a definite catastrophe: an organic symptom in this case is a protective tool against the forthcoming loss of the object of reward. Consequently, any psychosomatic reality should always be correlated with the process of symbolization, through which "I" passes - as a body, as an accomplishment, as an individuation - from childhood to the present day."
"Anxiety and the common cold are equally difficult to treat. A person who is constantly worried, always imagines the worst, and then suffers in proportion to the expected misfortune. There is no universal remedy for anxiety, just as there is no simple recipe by which the mind can break free from anxiety complex. It is useless to persuade a person not to worry, and to solve his problems instead of him is of little use. He will direct his attention to something else and re-launch the same anxiety mechanism." - M.P. Hall. Healing
In other words, both anxiety and anxiety are not only quite familiar reactions of a person, but also emotions, including automatic dependence algorithms through the repetition of the same response patterns, which can thus be tracked and transformed. Anxiety, transformed into hope with a calm expectation of the future, levels this negative emotion, without activating the clockwork of the disease.
Conversion of alarm and anxiety
And now we will consider the possibilities of transforming or transforming anxiety and its "kindred" - anxiety. "The main sources of concern are negativity and fear, the expectation of misfortune. The main consequence is chronic nervous overstrain; it reinforces fears and thus closes the vicious circle. Overcoming this habit will require considerable effort from you, especially in cases where masochism is also involved. " - Leslie M. Lecron. Good Power. "If anxiety is perceived as a special form of vigilance, then neurotic anxiety is a special form of anxiety that arises from a person’s tendency to rethink his environment and to protect himself from stress, which can be caused by both internal and external factors." - H. Ricroft. Anxiety and neurosis.
However, if the feeling of anxiety, as a reaction to future events, is attempted to be minimized, then the regulating stabilization system described by Freud should be included. This psychological defense reaction can involve a whole range of ways: from repression and suppression to transferring or projecting onto someone else, or at best, sublimation or adaptation by understanding and accepting with a sense of dissolution in the present moment. "It is difficult to fully appreciate the harm caused to the physical body by the habit of constant anxiety.
Viability decreases, body functions are suppressed and even the organic structure can be seriously affected. The duration of an individual’s life in a normal state of health and his ability to lead a useful and happy life depend on a constructive mental attitude, and to attain it he must overcome the tendency to over-anxiety. In healing, religion and philosophy do more good than psychology; the sufferer must develop a view of life in which faith in good is stronger than the fear of evil."
A calm study of anxiety will allow you to isolate your own mechanisms of vigilance, alertness, premonition, foreboding from the general psycho-emotional response context, which will allow you to withdraw anxiety from their shadows on the one hand, and to focus on the necessary and useful qualities on the other.
Thus, the neurosis behind the anxiety or the anxiety that masks the neurosis will be separated from each other, which will allow us to see behind them the truly limiting patterns of unconscious response that make our life difficult. "Every symptom - depression, anxiety, boredom or fear - contains in itself some kind of edge of a shadow, a certain discarded emotion, trait or peculiarity. It is important to understand that, despite all the inconvenience caused by them, our symptoms should not be resisted, we should not be despised or avoided, because they contain the key to their elimination. To fight a symptom is to struggle with the shadow hidden in that symptom, and this is precisely what creates the problem.
As a first psychotherapeutic step at this level, on the contrary, it is necessary to unleash our symptoms, create space for them, make friends with those uncomfortable symptom feelings that we previously despised. We must consciously touch them and accept them with all the openness to which we are capable. And that means letting yourself be depressed, anxious, rejected, bored, offended or embarrassed. This means that where we used to resist these feelings in every way, we now simply allow them to express themselves. We even actively encourage them.
We invite these symptoms to our home and give them freedom to move and breathe deeply, simply by trying to constantly be aware of them and the forms they take. This first step in psychotherapy is very simple, and in many cases the other steps are completely unnecessary, because at the very moment when we genuinely accept the symptom, we also accept most of the shadow that is hidden in it. The problem starts to disappear. To the extent that you truly realize that you, for example, are not your worries, your worries will no longer pester you. Even with an alarm, she no longer takes possession of you, because you are no longer attached to her at the moment. You no longer fight with it, do not resist it, and do not run away from it.
Anxiety is most radically accepted as it is, and it is allowed to go its own way. You lose nothing and gain nothing from its presence or absence, for you simply observe how it passes by. Thus, if you are worried about some kind of feeling, feeling, thought, memory or experience, then you simply identified yourself with it at the moment, and therefore a radical solution to the problem of anxiety is simply to identify with it. You consistently let all this fall away from you, realizing that it is not you: since you can see them, they cannot be a true Sighted and Subject. Since in reality they are not you, you have no reason to identify yourself with them, hold on to them or allow them to hold you down." - Ken Wilber. Unlimited. Eastern and Western strategies of human development
Remembering that anxiety is a signal from the future (and its own from the perspective of non-linear time, because the physical body relays the coordinate time based on their larger picture of our higher "I" outside time and space), in this case, paying attention to the body, the features of the right side of it (the left side is connected with the past), we can not only track its sources and inclinations, but also how pernicious its influence is. Moreover, we can determine which of our life situations or problems somatizes this anxiety or simply translates into a state of illness, as a resolution of the conflict between the body and mind.
And finally, I note that, as stated by the founder of Anthroposophy, Rudolf Steiner: "all the worries and anxieties of life must first of all be completely reduced to silence. Then from a completely calm soul should emerge such an idea: "Oben alles wie unten," Everything above, as below, Unten alles wie oben "Everything below, as above"