In Depending on the person’s age depression is manifested in many ways.
Even before the middle of the last century, it was believed that children and adolescents were not exposed to it. Now scientific opinion has changed … Perhaps this is set to “global trend” to rejuvenate the majority of mental illness in the old days is not usually advancing before his “Regulations SRO – ka”. Some scientists even began to believe that depression can develop in infants if they are left without maternal care. In our opinion, this point of view is not true.
In the past, as well as today, the boundaries of the depression, expanded Prev – ly fatigue, hysteria and even schizophrenia .
American researchers estimate that 2% of children under the age of 12 suffer from depression . In the environment of adolescents, these figures increase to 8% of boys and 12% girls, in the age of 13-19 years, girls share worry – boiling depression increases to 16%.
In children, the signs of depression are most noticeable in behavior, changes in activity. There is a sad mood, there is a stimulus – Nosta, resentment, isolation, confusion, decreased interest in both the study and to the usual games. Irritability can be combined with aggressive manifestations. Sometimes poor performance and apparent developmental delays can turn out to be hidden symptoms of depression.
Quite often, children’s depression manifests itself in the form of complaints of general malaise, weakness, increased fatigue, pain in various parts of the body. Often, children have ideas of self and combine – camping with BDD: the child suddenly begins to consider himself ugly, stupid, incompetent.
In adolescence, depression manifests excessive moody, irritability, impulsivity, fixation on the painful feeling – niyah in various parts of the body, especially the abdomen, genitals – new. Young people begin to find incorrigible flaws in their appearance, consider themselves losers, accuse themselves of limitations, of inability to benefit either themselves or their loved ones. An important feature – mi beginning of the depression can be closed and the desire for solitude. Often there are obsessive quest for the meaning of life, disappointment in you – warlike profession, a desire to change her unhealthy attitude toward money and the inability to experience pleasure from the things that are pleasing before, whether it’s communicating with friends or Creative arts. In the same BPE – on me a young man trying to fight depression, is actively engaged in sports, forcing himself to overcome his laziness with the help of the will of the effort. However, without medical attention, as a rule, such attempts remain in vain.
It is worth noting that childhood and adolescent depression is a common thing among talented and therefore always more vulnerable people. In a striking example can be a great composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky lead, koto – ing, according to his governess, “was the” glass baby “; writer Honore de Balzac, who is 14 years old like a sleeping man with OPENING – tymi eyes. Sadness did not let go of the young poet Heinrich Heine, the philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau. Leo Tolstoy in his youth “because of the black races – the position of the spirit” made a suicide attempt .
It should be noted that the recurrence of depressive Scenes – rows are characteristic especially for people whose first clear signs of depression were visible before 20 years of age.
In middle age appear more clearly classic symptom – we are in a depression of its four main modalities: irritability, anxiety, depression and apathy. To him sometimes added grouchiness and is angry – ness.
Leo Tolstoy’s wife wrote about her 47-year-old husband: “He constantly says that everything is over for him, he will soon die, nothing pleases, there is nothing more to expect from life.” At the age of 40 years, very disheartened, Ivan Turgenev, he was on – lost faith in his talent, which further depressed him.