What can lead to and whether VSD (vegetative vascular dystonia) is dangerous for a person’s life worries those who have symptoms of the syndrome. The problem itself is not dangerous, it is eliminated in the case of a timely visit to a doctor in order to undergo an examination and exclude the pathology of internal organs.
If you ignore the symptoms that have appeared, do not take timely measures or return to an unhealthy lifestyle after a course of treatment, then there is the likelihood of serious complications that affect a person’s life in a negative way
Reasons for development
The main reasons for the development of VSD, doctors consider a predisposition to dysfunction of the autonomic nervous system, its sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions.
Such a problem is inherited or laid down in the period of intrauterine development due to a negative effect on the fetus. However, such circumstances do not mean that a person will necessarily experience the symptoms of VSD.
A number of factors are capable of provoking the development of the syndrome, if there is a predisposition to it:
- bad habits – drugs, alcohol abuse, smoking tobacco or its substitutes are equally dangerous;
- prolonged depression;
- regular physical overload;
- frequent stress;
- viral, severe bacterial infections;
- craniocerebral trauma of any nature;
- fluctuations in the hormonal background – it is actually dangerous for women during puberty, pregnancy, menopause;
- chronic sleep disturbance;
- sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity;
- unhealthy diet;
- polluted ecology in the place of residence.
In order to understand how dangerous vegetative-vascular dystonia (VVD) is, one must remember about its multisymptomatic nature, its polymorphism. That is, in different periods of life, under the influence of certain factors, relapses and exacerbations of symptoms occur. They are manifested by malfunctions in various systems.
Why is VSD dangerous?
To understand what the dangerous VSD (vegetative-vascular dystonia) in women and men is, to what it leads, you need to understand what it is, what the symptoms are.
In fact, this is not a disease, but an indicator of ill health, an indicator of the instability of the autonomic system. Which, in turn, regulates the work of all organs of the human body.
If you do not have time to cope with the problem at the initial stages of development, later the malaise is transformed into a chronic disorder.
Dangerous consequences of VVD are phenomena that reduce the quality of life, impair working capacity:
- Panic attacks that occur suddenly, against the background of surges in blood pressure. Along with them, patients have obsessive thoughts about imminent death, depression.
- Development of problems from the cardiovascular system. They are associated with fluctuations in blood pressure.
- Chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract: from stomach ulcers and duodenal ulcers, dyskinesia, to pancreatitis.
- Problems with the genitourinary system – excessive urination, sexual dysfunctions.
- The development of arterial hypertension due to unregulated surges in blood pressure.
- Constant dizziness and fatigue reduce performance. Capable of leading to dangerous situations while driving vehicles.
VSD is the case when a big trouble can grow out of small troubles, if you do not tackle the problem.
The dangerous consequences of the development of VSD can be avoided if at the first symptoms consult a doctor. It could be a therapist, pediatrician. Excellent – consultation with a neurologist who has the resources for a comprehensive examination and knowledge of the treatment of such patients.
Diagnostics and treatment
Diagnostic measures are an integral step. Because the body systems must be carefully checked for pathologies that could subsequently develop into serious diseases.
When contacting a doctor, the examination involves several stages:
- Interview, collection of anamnesis, initial examination. The doctor forms a picture of the condition at the time of treatment, writes down the main complaints. Task: conduct a detailed survey, find out the features of the onset of ailment. Also – the likely factors influencing the pathology.
- Lab tests. General analysis of urine and blood, biochemical blood test to exclude inflammation of internal organs. Abnormalities are also found in body fluids.
- Consulting and conducting research by doctors of a related profile, depending on the disturbing symptoms. As a rule, a cardiologist, a gastroenerologist, and a neurologist are required. The rest of the doctors advise if necessary.
- Instrumental studies of the brain, internal organs and systems are being carried out. This practice allows you to get rid of suspicions of serious organic diseases.
- The doctor, having studied the results of examinations with VSD, makes a final diagnosis and prescribes treatment.
The course of therapy is complex. And it is prescribed taking into account the severity of the symptoms, the characteristics of the patient’s body, existing diseases.
The consequences of VSD, as a rule, can be avoided by following the instructions of the attending doctor.
Complex therapy consists of three equally important parts:
- physiotherapy, including exercise therapy, acupuncture, TMS (transcranial magnetic stimulation), massages, magnetotherapy of the peripheral nervous system;
- lifestyle correction, psychotherapy;
- medications designed to relieve symptoms, reduce the load on the patient’s nervous system.
Treatment of VSD, as a rule, is successful, the person bounces back in a short time. But the syndrome is considered chronic. This means that in order to get rid of it forever, you must adhere to preventive rules.
Prevention: how to avoid the consequences of VSD?
After a course of treatment, it is unlikely that it will be possible to get rid of disorders of the vegetative system forever. Vegetovascular dystonia is a syndrome that is dangerous not only because of life-disturbing symptoms, but also because of recurrence of complications (panic attacks, disability – see the article a little higher).
The disease can return suddenly at any age under the influence of external negative factors. To avoid this, you need to follow preventive measures that support the health of the vegetative system:
- adhere to the regime of work and rest;
- maintain a comfortable duration of sleep;
- daily light physical activity, aerobic sports;
- avoid physical, psychological, intellectual overwork;
- monitor psychological health, avoid stress, use sedatives during a period of difficult experiences;
- to refuse from bad habits;
- undergo an annual examination by doctors to identify at the initial stage of health problems;
- take complex multivitamins.
Symptoms of vegetative-vascular dystonia are not just an unpleasant feeling, but a factor that reduces the quality of life.
In addition, this syndrome may itself be a complication of pathology, for example, the consequences of TBI. Therefore, attention and treatment to such patients require serious.